Download A Neolithic Ceremonial Complex in Galloway: Excavations at by Julian Thomas PDF

By Julian Thomas

A advanced enclosure pointed out by means of aerial images at Dunragit Galloway, was once proven through excavation to were of past due Neolithic date, and comprised 3 concentric trees ramped post-rings, 120–300 m in diameter. the 2 outer post-rings each one comprised huge uprights interspersed with smaller participants, most likely forming a continuing palisade. each one was once a single-phase constitution and the posts had rotted out. the interior ring had mostly been made from huge, freestanding posts, such a lot of which had rotted away, yet a few of which were intentionally got rid of, the post-holes being significantly better than these of the 2 outer jewelry. the place posts were pulled out, a couple of tricky deposits were positioned within the crater left by way of the post-removal. The entrances to the post-rings aren't aligned and the popular interpretation is that the monument as a complete had stages of development, in every one of which a trees circle was once surrounded via a palisade, and within which the center post-ring succeeded the outer, or vice-versa.

The enclosure have been preceded by way of a post-defined cursus monument during which all of the submit were burned in situ and various different post-holes have been situated at the related axis because the cursus, extending past the monument itself.

The so much complicated front, attached with the center post-ring, consists of 2 parallel traces of positive aspects, most likely post-holes, establishing towards the south, and aligned on a wide earthen mound at Droughduil, four hundred m away. Droughduil Mote, notwithstanding recorded as a medieval motte, remembers the organization of assorted very huge mounds with with henges or palisaded enclosures, as at Silbury Hill, Wiltshire. Excavation verified that it have been developed with stepped aspects, and stone cairn were built on its summit. a chain of optically influenced luminescence dates at the accrued sand over the skin of the mound confirmed that it used to be not at all medieval, and was once most likely Neolithic in date.

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